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Cattle Production Veterinarian Hall of Fame selects Panciera
Roger Panciera, DVM, MS, Ph.D., DACVP, has been inducted as the 2016 Beef Award Recipient into the Cattle Production Veterinarian Hall of Fame by the American Association of Bovine Practitioners. Professor Emeritus at Oklahoma State University Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Panciera earned his DVM degree from OSU in 1953. After earning a master’s degree and a doctorate from Cornell University, he returned to OSU, where he has influenced generations of students, residents, practitioners and pathologists. He has provided both scientifi contributions and education to veterinarians and producers on beef cattle production and disease control. “Dr. Panciera has a well-documented list of academic accomplishments related to decades of productivity in research, teaching and diagnostic pathology,”says Jerry Ritchey, DVM, Ph.D., DACVP, head of the veterinary center’s Department of Veterinary Pathobiology. “However, what is truly remarkable and immeasurable is his impact on generations of practicing veterinarians and the inspiration he has provided to hundreds of veterinary pathologists currently working all over the world.” The hallmark of Panciera’s teaching philosophy was developing thought processes rather than relying on memorization. He is legendary on the necropsy fl or, working with students and trainees, and squeezing every possible learning opportunity from each necropsy case. There are two important testimonies to Panciera’s distinction as an educator. First, he has been recognized over the years by students and faculty colleagues as a recipient of numerous teaching awards. Second, he has inspired many others to become educators as well. Panciera is a founding member of the Academy of Veterinary Consultants (AVC), a member of the Oklahoma Higher Education Hall of Fame, a distinguished member of the American College of Veterinary Pathologists, and a Distinguished Alumnus of Oklahoma State University. He is a member of the Oklahoma Veterinary Medical Association Hall of Fame and the first recipient of the OSU College of Veterinary Medicine Distinguished Alumnus Award. The Cattle Production Veterinary Hall of Fame is sponsored by Merck Animal Health, the American Association of Bovine Practitioners, the Academy of Veterinary Consultants, Bovine Veterinary magazine, and Osborn Barr. “What is truly remarkable … is Dr. Roger Panciera’s impact on generations of practicing veterinarians and the inspiration he has provided to hundreds of veterinary pathologists.” — Dr. Jerry Ritchey Gary Lawson / University Marketing
Fri, 27 Jan 2017 13:34:16 -0600
Higher Ed Hall of Fame inducts Fulton
Robert Fulton, DVM, Ph.D., DACVM, Emeritus Regents Professor and McCasland Foundation Endowed Chair for Food Animal Research in the Department of Veterinary Pathobiology at OSU’s Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, has been inducted into the Oklahoma Higher Education Hall of Fame for 2016. The honor recognizes outstanding educators. Fulton is known for his research on bovine respiratory disease and making significant advances in bovine viruses and vaccinology. He has been recognized for his work on bovine viral diarrhea viruses, bovine coronaviruses and other respiratory viruses. In 2015, he received the Outstanding Service Award from the Academy of Veterinary Consultants and Merck Animal Health. Fulton earned his DVM degree from Oklahoma State University in 1966. He was a captain in the Air Force Veterinary Service before earning a master’s degree in veterinary sciences from Washington State University (1972) and a doctorate in microbiology from the University of Missouri-Columbia (1975). In 1976, he became a diplomate in the American College of Veterinary Microbiologists. In 1982, Fulton joined the veterinary center. He retired aft 33 years here. He has been named a Distinguished Alumnus of the veterinary center (2006), a Zoetis Research Award winner (2008) and a Regents Distinguished Research Award winner (2010). More than 200 leaders have been inducted into the Oklahoma Higher Education Hall of Fame since 1994.
Fri, 27 Jan 2017 13:31:12 -0600
Keeping The Beat
Pacemaker Posse parties at reunion Dr. Ryan Baumwart, veterinary cardiologist at Oklahoma State University’s Veterinary Medical Hospital, has created a unique group of canine survivors appropriately named the Pacemaker Posse. Over the last two years, he has placed pacemakers in 23 dogs, improving their quality of life and, in many cases, prolonging their days on the planet. In April, the pacemaker recipients were invited back to OSU. Owners Maureen Cancienne, Rebecca Dees, Ken and Susie Sharp, Patricia Wayman and Mary Jo Wipperfurth brought five Pacemaker Posse dogs to OSU’s Center for Veterinary Health Sciences’ Annual Open House. “When the veterinary center offers unique services such as this, we maintain our role as the premier specialty veterinary hospital in the state and region,” says Dr. Chris Ross, interim dean of the veterinary center. “Our faculty [members] have a chance to showcase their skills and knowledge; animal owners have access to lifesaving treatments; and our students are exposed to cutting-edge technologies.” BIONIC DOG CHASING RABBITS Patricia Wayman of Goltry, Okla., wanted to celebrate with her dog, Abby, at the open house. “About a year ago, I really noticed that Abby would be moving and then she would just go down,” Wayman says. “I thought, well, she’s tired. “I was fortunate that my veterinarian, Dr. Carey Bonds (OSU ’03) at Trinity Hospital, told me about Dr. Baumwart. We came over, and they ran all the tests.” Abby had sick sinus syndrome. “The sinus node is the normal pacemaker in the heart,” Baumwart says. “When that normal pacemaker stops, they don’t have normal blood flow to their brain, and they pass out. “We have had dogs that will pass out 20 or 30 times a day.” Baumwart suggested implanting a pacemaker; Wayman had to think about it. “My family is farmers,” she says. “Abby is not a farm dog; Abby’s my child. So we talked about it and talked about it. “Now in the small town that I live in, Abby’s the bionic dog. Everybody talks about, ‘Do you know that we’ve got a dog in Goltry that has a pacemaker?’ I would do it 100 times again.” Abby received her pacemaker in September 2015. She turned 11 in May. “She’s doing extremely well,” Wayman says. “Her quality of life — she’s out chasing rabbits and squirrels in the backyard. I tell you, Brandy Hutchings (cardiology veterinary assistant) and Dr. Baumwart are just wonderful. I highly recommend them.” NEW LEASE ON LIFE Susie Sharp of Stillwater inherited her dog, GiGi, from her aunt. ”I had GiGi a while, and suddenly her health was failing,” Sharp recalls. “She was losing weight. She couldn’t keep food down.” Sharp’s veterinarian did exploratory surgery to try to diagnose GiGi’s problem. “My veterinarian called to say GiGi had died on the operating table twice and been brought back twice — and she’s not going to come back a third time,” Sharp says. GiGi did survive, and it appeared there was no brain damage. “My vet suggested that we take GiGi to an intensive care unit rapidly — either in Edmond or at OSU,” Sharp says. The family chose OSU, where veterinarians determined the muscles GiGi used in swallowing were too weak to function, and a pacemaker could help. “I didn’t know they did that,” Sharp says. GiGi was originally diagnosed with a third-degree blockage. She recently had her pacemaker replaced because its battery life was nearly depleted. Sharp says her family is very thankful they live in Stillwater. “We are very grateful to OSU.” TECHNOLOGY FUNDING Traditionally, human pacemakers — about the size of a silver dollar — are used in dogs. “We recently started using a company that provides animal pacemakers at a much reduced cost compared to the human pacemakers,” Baumwart says. “However, this can still be a large amount of money for the average pet owner.” Training in specialties such as cardiology takes years of work and study. “Our students can graduate with an awareness of the presence and possibilities in cutting-edge treatments at the veterinary center,” Ross says. “Some may also decide that they would like to pursue a career in specialties like cardiology.” Derinda Blakeney, APR To support the veterinary cardiology unit at OSU’s Veterinary Medical Hospital, contact Heidi Griswold at firstname.lastname@example.org or 405-385-5656. To watch a video about the OSU Center for Veterinary Health Sciences Open House, visit okla.st/2ba3I5R. “We thought this would be a great time to celebrate the success of these patients and show others a broader view of veterinary medicine.” — Dr. Ryan Baumwart Gigi, owned by Ken and Susie Sharp X-ray of pacemaker implanted inside a dog Left: Dr. Ryan Baumwart carries Abby, a pacemaker recipient owned by Patricia Wayman of Goltry, Okla. Abby “Our students can graduate with an awareness of the presence and possibilities in cutting-edge treatments at the veterinary center,” Ross says. “Some may also decide that they would like to pursue a career in specialties like cardiology.” — Dr. Chris Ross Some Pacemaker Posse reunion attendees took a horse-drawn carriage to a luncheon at the OSU Foundation. Seated in the wagon are (from left) Brandy Hutchings, veterinary assistant; Dr. Ryan Baumwart; Mary Jo Wipperfurth and Snoopy; and Susie and Kenneth Sharp with Gigi.
Mon, 30 Jan 2017 12:02:23 -0600
SAVMA chooses Olivarez to lead
Jeff Olivarez of Edmond, Okla., is about to put Oklahoma State University’s Center for Veterinary Health Sciences in the national spotlight. Olivarez was recently selected as president-elect of the Student American Veterinary Medical Association. He will spend the next year preparing for his run as president of SAVMA, the national organization of veterinary students. While Olivarez has completed his second year of veterinary college at OSU, he didn’t always want a degree in veterinary medicine. “Going through college, I went to undergrad for human medicine,” Olivarez says. “But I was never really passionate about it so my senior year of my undergrad, I decided that vet school was actually what I wanted to do. “I chose Oklahoma State because, to be honest, it was the most affordable option,” he says. “I love the school. It’s the best in my opinion. “Vet school is going great so far. It’s been one of the hardest things that I have ever done but it’s going well. I’ve never considered myself a great student but it’s amazing to me, seeing once I’m actually learning something I care about, how much my attitude toward academics has changed and my scores overall.” And like many who attend Oklahoma’s only veterinary college, Olivarez likes the overall atmosphere. “I love the people the most. The faculty is great here, all the staff. And then the clinicians are always willing to help, always willing to teach. I’ve built a small little family here. I’m from Edmond, which isn’t that far away but in vet school just from all the work it’s hard to get away. So I’ve kind of created my own little family here with friends. And they are my real support system and I really appreciate them for that.” Olivarez says wanting to give back led him to run for SAVMA president. “I’ve always wanted to serve the students, and I thought the best opportunity for that would be to be SAVMA president.” When he found out he had won, a moment of panic set in.“They announced my name, and I think my heart stopped.” Olivarez will spend his year as president-elect learning everything the president does. “I travel with the president to all the AVMA board of directors meetings, any event that he’s at, I’m also at and just asking questions and learning what I really need to do. The president is supposed to be the voice of the students. “I love that I get the opportunity to serve the students and really find out what they need to be done and what they want out of their vet school experience and trying to help them with that. I like that everywhere I go I get to represent Oklahoma. People are asking me where are you from, and I get to say Oklahoma State University. “I’m really excited for this opportunity. I think it will change my life forever. And I want to do the best that I can. So I want the students to know that I’m available for them. And if they need anything, nothing is too small. They can reach out to us, the SAVMA exec board.” To watch a video on Olivarez, visit okla.st/2gz7fj7.
Fri, 27 Jan 2017 13:14:44 -0600
In Life or Death, Life Wins
OSU VETERINARIANS SAVE 6-MONTH-OLD PUPPY Marley the puppy recovers well after a life-saving surgery at 6 months of age at OSU’s Veterinary Medical Hospital. It was do or die for Marley. The 6-month-old puppy had a problem with his liver that desperately needed repair. “Marley came to OSU’s Veterinary Medical Hospital by way of a secondary referral from a referral hospital in Tulsa,” says Dr. Ryan Baumwart, an OSU veterinary cardiologist. “They found a shunt, a diversion of blood, in Marley’s liver that wasn’t operable by a traditional laparotomy, where they go in through the belly and try to put a constriction device on that. The shunt was inside the liver so they gave us a call. They knew we had the equipment to do the procedure. Unfortunately, we had not done one to date here at OSU.” Still, Marley’s owners, Marcene and Fred Warford of Muskogee, Okla., had faith the veterinarians would be able to help their golden retriever puppy. “We noticed within the fi week that something was wrong with Marley,” says Marcene Warford. “He was vomiting, had diarrhea. He would go into stupors, just really zone out to where he didn’t even know where he was. It was frightening. “I just had a lot of confidence in what they were going to do,” she adds. “I felt real comfortable with the fact that I thought they could do it. This is where my vet, Dr. Lisa Jamison (’91), earned her degree. There was really no alternative because he would die without it.” Baumwart and his colleague, Dr. Andrew Hanzlicek, a small animal internal medicine specialist, invited Daniel Hogan, a Purdue University cardiology professor, to help. “With the expertise of Dr. Daniel Hogan, Dr. Hanzlicek and myself, we all went in on the surgery and had a very good outcome,” says Baumwart.“We made a very small incision in the neck to put a catheter in that allowed us to inject dye to outline the abnormal blood vessel where we needed to try to decrease the amount of blood fl . Once we did that, we were able to size a stent that went into the vena cava. “The stent held the device in place that we needed to put into the abnormal blood vessel. We also had a plugging device outside the stent. The idea was to decrease the amount of blood flow through this vessel that was a shunt around the liver. The liver is the detoxification center of the body and blood was actually getting bypassed around the liver. So by closing this shunt, we can put blood back into the liver and allow the dog to act more normally once the detoxification occurs in the blood.” “This was the fi time we have used OSU’s Veterinary Medical Hospital,” says Warford. “It was fantastic. Everyone has been so congenial. They are marvelous. They kept me updated two or three times a day, which just made me very comfortable knowing he’s here. I could let go; I knew he was being taken care of.” “Not only was this the first time we had done the procedure, it was a minimally invasive procedure,” says Hanzlicek. “This dog, instead of having a big abdominal incision, had two very small incisions in his neck. We went through the vein and did the entire procedure. So the dog recovers more quickly and it is less painful. I think a lot of pet owners are looking for these types of procedures — minimally invasive — and we’re going to offer more and more of these here at Oklahoma State as time goes on and we learn more of these procedures. “Marley has a very good prognosis,” he adds. “He is expected to live a normal life aft this procedure.” “I would like to say thank you to Dr. Hogan at Purdue University for coming and donating his time and expertise,” says Baumwart.“He was very instrumental in making all of this work. He’s an excellent cardiologist and very generous with his time.” “It took special pet owners in the Warfords to make this happen and a very kind and skillful cardiologist in Dr. Hogan,” says Hanzlicek. “Thanks to all of them.” Derinda Blakeney, APR To see a video of Marley, visit okla.st/29bDH9o. Gary Lawson / University Marketing “OSU’s veterinary medical hospital … was fantastic. Everyone has been so congenial. … i knew he was being taken care of.” — Marcene Warford Marley the puppy recovers well after a life-saving surgery at 6 months of age at OSU’s Veterinary Medical Hospital. Marley and his owners, Marcene and Fred Warford, thank Dr. Andrew Hanzlicek and his team at OSU for saving the pup’s life.
Fri, 27 Jan 2017 13:10:44 -0600
From Dreams to Reality
Lenaburg turns childhood love for strays into veterinary career Kimberlee Lenaburg of Bartlesville, Okla., just made her childhood dream a reality. “My parents tell me I was obsessed with animals as a child,” Lenaburg says. “I brought everything home, every stray animal. About 9 or 10 years old I understood the career, what a veterinarian was and that’s when I realized that’s what I wanted to do.” Lenaburg is among the 88 students who earned a DVM degree from Oklahoma State University’s Center for Veterinary Health Sciences on May 6. Hooding her was her husband, Dr. Trace Lenaburg, who earned his OSU degree in 2013. “Personally welcoming my wife into the profession that I am so passionate about gives me overwhelming pride and anticipation for our future,” Trace says. “It’s been a big help. Not necessarily with the information or the learning process, it’s more just having the moral support of somebody who’s been through the stresses and the difficulties of the curriculum and veterinary school,” Kimberlee says. “It’s also nice to have some body there to remind you that there is a light at the end of the tunnel, and it does get better.” Kimberlee came to OSU for her DVM degree for a couple of reasons. “Both my parents are graduates of OSU,” she says.“They raised us to be very die-hard fans. As kids we would come up to campus and go to the football games and basketball games. They always told us that we could go anywhere we wanted to go, but their money would only go to OSU. I did my undergraduate here and loved it. Loved the campus and the town so it made sense to come here for my DVM and in-state tuition kind of helps, too.” Reflecting on having Trace hood her, Kimberlee says it’s really exciting because he’s been there from the beginning. The couple met on a blind date about a month before Kimberlee started veterinary school. Kimberlee has already passed her boards, licensing her to practice in Oklahoma right away. “My husband and I bought a practice in Pawnee, Okla.,” Kimberlee says. “We took that over May 1. So there are a lot of decisions and changes that we’ve been dealing with. I’m very excited to start that. It’s a mixed animal practice. They’ve been mostly doing large animal and so hopefully with us there, we’ll bring back some small animal medicine into it, too.” “Words cannot express how proud and excited I am to see the love of my life, my best friend achieve this great honor,” Trace adds. “She will be a blessing to the animal owners of Pawnee, an asset to the veterinary profession and forever the object of my affection.” Drs. Trace and Kimberlee Lenaburg are now operating the Pawnee Veterinary Hospital. Derinda Blakeney, APR For a video about Kimberlee Lenaburg, visit okla.st/2f0rK35. At her graduation in May, Kimberlee Lenaburg was hooded by her husband, Dr. Trace Lenaburg, a member of the CVHS Class of 2013. photo / Derinda Blakeney
Fri, 27 Jan 2017 13:02:24 -0600
HALL named Oklahoma's 2016 Veterinarian of the Year
Dr. Rod Hall didn’t set out to become the state veterinarian. He was happy in his mixed animal practice, where he enjoyed the large animal work most of all. So how did the man who leads the entire agriculture livestock industry in Oklahoma come to be not only the state veterinarian but Oklahoma’s 2016 Veterinarian of the Year, so named by the Oklahoma Veterinary Medical Association? The answer is easy — hard work and a commitment to doing the best possible job for his clients. Those clients went from individuals when he was in private practice to producers and veterinarians across Oklahoma as state veterinarian. “I initially took a job here at the Department of Agriculture as a staff veterinarian,” Hall says. “I was over the cattle programs and a Brucellosis epidemiologist. I just worked for my boss, and she was great. She gave me a lot of leeway, and I pretty much did my job and was very happy doing that. Then she took another job with the United States Department of Agriculture and left us without a state veterinarian.” Dr. Michael Herrin, the assistant state veterinarian at the time, and Hall discussed the open position. “We both applied with the idea that probably one or the other of us would be chosen,” Hall says.“We just thought it would be better for one of us to take it where we already knew the process and thought it would be a smoother transition. So ultimately that’s how I ended up here; it certainly wasn’t on my bucket list or anything.” Since taking the position in 2011, Hall has discovered much to enjoy about being state veterinarian. “I love that I get to talk to a lot of veterinarians,” he says. “We’ve worked really hard at trying to develop a good relationship with the practitioners, and I think we’ve made progress. And then I enjoy interacting with the different producer groups like Oklahoma Cattlemen’s Association, Oklahoma Pork Council. I enjoyed my clients when I was in practice, and I feel like now I still have a similar job. I have clients, but my job now is basically to protect the livestock industry in Oklahoma. “Sometimes we have to quarantine herds and maybe even depopulate a herd of animals to get rid of a disease. It’s hard, but it’s also very interesting doing the epidemiology and trying to figure out where that disease came from and did it go somewhere? Do we have it contained? Whenever I talk to veterinarians, and especially younger veterinarians, I encourage them to call with problems or questions. We would rather help you work through something than have you do something wrong.” Hall calls communication key, and today’s technology makes it easier to disseminate information. “Our mission is to protect the herd and flock of Oklahoma, and we do that in so many different ways. Today, we have a staff with about 15 field people. We consider the practitioners our partners in working with producers and educating the public on why it’s important to get your horses tested for EIA every year. Why it’s important to get a certificate of veterinary inspection when you’re traveling to another state. If they have questions or don’t agree with something that we say, well, let us know. We want to help them in any way that we can.” And that line of thinking and keeping animal owners and veterinarians statewide informed has earned Hall the respect of his peers. “It’s just a tremendous honor to be given that award (Oklahoma Veterinarian of the Year) by the people who I consider to be my colleagues and friends,” he says. “I thank the OVMA for the award. I am proud of this profession. I’ve always thought that being a veterinarian was a really neat way to make a living.” Hall earned his DVM degree in 1977. He married that summer, and the couple went to Alva, Okla., where he worked for Dr. Ben McKinley (OSU ’72) at Ridgeview Veterinary Clinic for one year. Even though he loved Alva, the clinic and the people, he decided that wasn’t where he wanted to spend the rest of his life. The couple moved to Tishomingo, Okla., where he ran a mixed animal practice for 29 years. For those thinking of working in a mixed animal practice, Hall has some words of encouragement. “Don’t be afraid to go to a small town and go into a mixed animal practice. It’s hard work. You’re going to have to take after-hour calls. But I think you have such an opportunity to really make a positive impact on people’s lives. When a veterinarian moves into a small town, people look to you as someone that they respect. There are lots of great civic organizations that you will be invited to be a part of. We really need mixed animal practitioners.” Whether he’s taking a veterinarian’s call to discuss a potential disease problem or discussing cases that need testing performed or epidemiological investigations completed, Dr. Rod Hall is part of all Oklahomans’ lives as he and his team work to keep the food supply safe and animals and their owners healthy. To watch the video of Dr. Rod Hall talking about his career, visit okla.st/2hnOL5J. “Don’t be afraid to go to a small town and go into a mixed animal practice. It’s hard work. But I think you have such an opportunity to really make a positive impact on people’s lives. When a veterinarian moves into a small town, people look to you as someone that they respect. We really need mixed animal practitioners.” — Dr. Rod Hall photo / courtesy Other Honorees At the Oklahoma Veterinary Medical Association’s 101st Annual Convention and Expo, the following OSU alumni were also honored: Dr. Bob Shoup (’82), Companion Animal Practitioner of the Year Dr. Kimberly Huckaby (’06), Young Practitioner of the Year Dr. Dan Merkey (’68), Distinguished Service Award
Fri, 27 Jan 2017 12:58:32 -0600
Fighting the Flu at OSU
Li’s project aims to make virus far less lethal The flu is among the Centers for Disease Control’s top 10 causes of human deaths. Oklahoma State University is working to make the virus far less lethal. At OSU’s Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Shitao Li, Ph.D., is conducting biomedical research to develop new antiviral drugs to combat the flu virus. “The fl virus is a highly transmissible pathogen that can cause epidemics and sometimes pandemics like the swine flu in 2009,” says Li, an assistant professor in the Department of Physiological Sciences and investigator with the Oklahoma Center for Respiratory and Infectious Diseases. “The virus is also zoonotic, which means it infects not only humans but animals as well, such as poultry, pigs, horses, etc. So this study will benefit human health as well as have a great impact on agriculture.” Li joined OSU in 2015. During his first year, he made great progress in establishing his laboratory and moving forward with his research. His team includes Lingyan Wang, Ph.D., postdoctoral candidate, and Girish Patil, a first-year graduate student. “Currently we are working on the interaction between the fl virus and the host defense,” Li adds. “Specifically, we are studying the protein interactions between the host and the virus. We found that more than 300 host factors actually interact with the fl virus. So now we are focusing on one protein named PKP2. PKP2 is known as a cell junction protein, and now we find it is also an antiviral protein.” Li’s team found that this protein restricts the virus by inhibiting the viral polymerase activity. “In other words, PKP2 impedes viral replication and prevents the virus from spreading. Interestingly, PKP2 has a peptide which mimics one viral polymerase subunit, PB2,” he says. “This peptide competes with PB2 for binding to other viral polymerase subunits, thereby disrupting the viral replication machinery. Now we are examining the antiviral efficacy of this peptide in human cells and mice.” Li’s project is still far from clinical studies, but the preliminary results are promising. “Before we test the peptide in mice, we will examine the effects of the peptide on viral infection in the tissue culture that includes human cells and mouse cells,” he says. “Currently, we are testing only one peptide and may modify this peptide in the future. “With so many people affected by the flu virus, the most important thing in my lab is to discover new host defenses to the virus infection,” says Li. “We are grateful to the Centers of Biomedical Research Excellence program under Dr. Lin Liu. The challenge for research is finding the funding, which a CoBRE grant has provided. The program includes funding and administrative support as well. I have two mentors in Drs. Liu and Clint Jones. As a junior faculty member, I appreciate their guidance on writing proposals, how to recruit students and how to train them. I really appreciate their help and support.” Originally from China, Li earned his Ph.D. from Wuhan University in 2000. He plans to submit more proposals to continue funding his research. Derinda Blakeney, APR For more information on OSU’s biomedical research, visit www.cvhs.okstate.edu/research. Phil Shockley / University Marketing Dr. Shitao Li and graduate student Girish Patil discuss OSU’s biomedical research. photo / Derinda Blakeney “This study will benefit human health as well as have a great impact on agriculture.” — Shitao Li, Ph.D. Li receives NIH grant Oklahoma State University’s Dr. Shitao Li has received $813,438 as a co-investigator on a National Institutes of Health Research Project (R01) grant. Li’s project is entitled, “Interferon-induced IFITM recruitment of ZMPSTE24 blocks viral endocytic entry.” Since virus entry is the first step of infection, impeding viruses at the entry point is important to help defend against their spread. Li’s proposal presents the discovery of a broad-spectrum antiviral protein that blocks virus entry. Li, who holds a doctorate in developmental biology from China’s Wuhan University, is an assistant professor in the Department of Physiological Sciences and an investigator with the Oklahoma Center for Respiratory and Infectious Diseases.
Tue, 31 Jan 2017 12:22:27 -0600
Where Eagles Fly
Welch offers expertise to Perkins Aviary Dr. Paul Welch earned his DVM degree from OSU in 1981. Once he figured out he didn’t really want to be a zoo veterinarian, he opened Forest Trails Animal Hospital in Tulsa — and he volunteers his veterinary services for the Grey Snow Eagle House in Perkins, Okla. “I have been working with Grey Snow Eagle House since the Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma opened it in January 2006,” Welch says. “I visit the aviary in Perkins at least four times a year. The rest of the time, they bring the birds to me. I can pin a broken wing in about 30 minutes.” Welch also sees about 500 wildlife cases a year. “I have been able to do a tremendous amount of work with wildlife cases including raptors like the bald and golden eagles cared for by the Iowa Tribe,” Welch says. “I have to remind myself that not everyone gets to see a bald eagle up-close in their lifetime. With the refuge housing about 48 bald eagles, I see them all the time. When one comes in the clinic, I try to remember to check the waiting room for clients. If there are any there, I invite them back. They are truly amazed at these magnificent birds.” Welch has been involved with the Association of Avian Veterinarians, serving as its president and on the board for 15 years. “I think when we get out of vet school, we need to do something a little extra with our DVM degree,” he says. “Whether it’s wildlife rehabbers or SPCA volunteers, do something where it isn’t about the money but the animals we treat. Some 30-plus years later, I’m still living the dream.” The Grey Snow Eagle House is the nation’s only facility that has the unique combination of permits that allows it to carry out its mission — rehabilitation, religious use, education and research. Injured eagles are treated and released back into the wild. Those unable to return to the wild are kept at the aviary, where their naturally molted feathers are used in tribal ceremonies. Trained raptors help educate the public about the conservation of eagles, raptors and Native American beliefs. And research efforts support the conservation of eagles, our national bird. For more information about the Grey Snow Eagle House, visit eagles.iowanation.org. “i have to remind myself that not everyone gets to see a bald eagle up-close in their lifetime.” — Dr. Paul Welch photos courtesy / Dr. Paul Welch
Fri, 27 Jan 2017 12:49:09 -0600
Mini Horse Draws a Crowd
OSU veterinarians are fixing Baby Donut’s unusually angled legs At 10 weeks old, Baby Donut isn’t very big. When you consider he’s the offspring of two miniature horses, you know he’s not even as big as one might expect from the word “foal.” And when he arrives to see the equine veterinarians at Oklahoma State University’s Veterinary Medical Hospital, a crowd quickly gathers to catch a glimpse of the tiny patient. Zach and April Daniel of Enid, Okla., acquired Baby Donut’s parents for their children, Bailey and Wade, in the fall of 2015. The mare named Sprinkles gave birth In September, and shortly after the foal was born, Zach Daniel knew something was wrong. (His sire’s name is Cinnamon, hence the Donut name.) “About two weeks aft he was born, we could tell his knees were going in,” Daniel says. “We called around and the other vets basically said that they won’t do any- thing because they specialize in other areas. I called over here to see what they could do, and they said bring him in.” Dr. Mike Schoonover, equine surgeon at OSU’s Veterinary Medical Hospital, and Dr. Patrick Foth, equine medicine and surgery intern, examined Baby Donut. Schoonover ordered radiographs of the foal’s legs. “Radiographs show that all four of the foal’s legs have severe abnormalities,” Schoonover says. “He has severe bilateral carpal and tarsal valgus. In other words, he’s knock-kneed. All of his legs angle outward at about 25 degrees. He also suffers from tendon laxity in all four limbs, with the worst case being in his front limbs.” Schoonover trimmed the foal’s hooves and placed special shoes with 3- to 4-centimeter extensions from the inside and heel on the front hooves. “Surgery is often indicated with this degree of angulation but because Baby Donut is so young, we are going to be somewhat conservative and see if the angulation will begin to correct on its own with confinement and physical therapy. What we hope to do with the shoes is prevent hyperextension of the coffin joints which will allow Baby Donut’s flexor tendons to strengthen,” Schoonover continues. “By trimming the hooves and applying the extensions, Baby Donut’s feet are more stable, preventing the hyperextension and allowing the flexor tendons to contract.” Daniel took Baby Donut home with instructions to keep the foal confined to a stall to restrict his exercise. Every three to four days, Daniel took the shoes off for a couple of hours before taping them back on. Two weeks later, he brought Baby Donut back to the hospital for a recheck. The delighted foal gladly ran and walked around the hospital’s outdoor paddock while veterinarians checked his progress. Schoonover trimmed each of the foal’s hooves again and reapplied the shoes to his front hooves. “We’ll see how he does with that. I definitely feel Baby Donut has improved both in the angulation of his limbs and the degree of tendon laxity since we first saw him,” Schoonover says. “We’ll probably take new radiographs on his next recheck. Those will show the progress we’ve made and help us determine what our next steps will be.” This is the fi time Daniel has used the services at OSU’s Veterinary Medical Hospital. “I’m very pleased with the hospital,” Daniel says.“I have some friends who have brought animals over, and they were very pleased and had nothing but good to say.” OSU’s Veterinary Medical Hospital is home to several equine internal medicine and surgery specialists who see nearly 1,900 equine cases a year. Derinda Blakeney, APR Ian Frye, Class of 2017, listens to Baby Donut’s heart. “I’m very pleased with the hospital. i have some friends who have brought animals over, and they were very pleased and had nothing but good to say.” — Zack Daniel Left: Dr. Patrick Foth nudges Baby Donut as veterinary students study the foal’s limbs. Below: Foth holds Baby Donut while Dr. Mike Schoonover trims his hooves. Phil Shockley / University Marketing
Fri, 27 Jan 2017 12:44:20 -0600