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Grant Williams, Morrison, Oklahoma, has spent the majority of his life noodling Oklahoma waters for catfish.

Some use a hook, others use their hands to land catfish

Friday, June 29, 2018

If their hands could talk, they’d have some stories to tell. Scars, scrapes, bumps and bruises on their forearms and lower legs are evidence of some battles and could serve as an introduction to the hands’ tales.

For 30 years, lifelong friends and Morrison, Oklahoma, residents, Erick Ring and Grant Williams have used their hands as bait to harvest countless catfish from Oklahoma lakes, rivers and streams. They are just two of the many, many Oklahomans whose favorite past times include hand fishing, commonly known as noodling.

“I learned how to noodle from a buddy in my early teens,” said Williams. “We’d go anywhere there is water. It’s addicting.”

The idea of hopping into water, anywhere from just a couple feet deep, down to well over your head, to feel around for giant fish sounds crazy to some. But being waste deep in muddy water, armed with a pair of gloves at the most, is exactly where noodlers want to be.

“People have fished for them since we settled this country,” said Dan Shoup, associate professor of fisheries ecology in Oklahoma State University’s Department of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. “When you are hand fishing, it works because you have fish who have built a nest and are protecting eggs, so it’s a spawning season activity.”

Spawning season for catfish in Oklahoma runs from May through July, give or take, based on weather conditions. Noodlers will feel around for holes or cavities under rocks, logs and brush piles in search of the season’s nest. Once a hole is found, a noodler will insert his hand, or foot, hoping a monster cat will latch on.

“The catfish is defending its nest when a hand intrudes. When the catfish bites the hand or bumps it trying to force it out, the noodler grabs hold and brings it out of the cavity,” said Jim Long, acting unit leader and adjunct associate professor with the Oklahoma Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit at OSU. “The males guard the nest after spawning, so it’s probably mostly males that get caught noodling.”

It’s the adrenalin rush and freezers full of meat that have kept Ring and Williams going through the years. Joined by fellow hand fisherman Shawn Walls, Stillwater, Oklahoma, at The Great White Buffalo Tavern, the three sat and traded some of their favorite stories and memories of enjoying Oklahoma’s great outdoors.

“I wasn’t even old enough to probably be in the water when I got introduced to noodling,” said Walls, who picked up the hobby from his dad and uncle in the Red River at just a couple years old. “I think I was probably 14 when I really started getting into it and caught my first fish.”

Shawn Walls catfish
Shawn Walls displays a catfish he caught while hand fishing in Oklahoma.

Ring said he learned hand fishing from his older brother, and while he doesn’t actively noodle nearly as often as he used to, he still enjoys being out on the boat and in the middle of the action.

“The bigger the hole, the bigger the fish,” Ring said. “If you’ve got a hole a couple feet wide and its real smooth along the bottom, you know you’ve got something.”

Typically, that “something” is one of three species of catfish: channel, flathead or blue. While the flathead catfish are said to be the best for eating, it’s the blue with the biggest potential for growth.

“It feels like a vice grip when a blue gets ahold of you,” Walls said.

Blue catfish have the potential to live more than 20 years and grow to well over 100 pounds. The state record is 98 pounds for fish caught on a rod and line, while the biggest fish turned in at this year’s annual Okie Noodling Tournament in Pauls Valley weighed in at more than 58 pounds.

“It’s like being bit by a dog,” Williams said.

According to the Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation, the biggest registered blue catfish caught in the state weighed in at 118 pounds eight ounces by means of a trotline.

“Blues are actually a schooling species and outside of spawning season are roaming around out in the open water in big dense schools. They are much like the striped bass who school up and chase schools of shad to eat, but they are also very opportunistic,” Shoup said. “They will hang out under the schools of bass and let them do all the hard work and pick off injured shad below.”

There are more than a dozen species of catfish swimming the Oklahoma waters, but it is just the biggest three that are targeted by noodlers. Channel catfish can live more than 20 years, but are by far the smallest of the three. Flathead catfish also can tip the scales at more than 100 pounds and live up to 20 years.

Having a 100-pound, or even 20-pound fish latch on to you while you are underwater would get the heart pounding. However, it’s not always just the man-sized fish that puts fear into people. Those who don’t participate in hand fishing often site snakes, turtles and beavers residing in similar holes as reason enough to not partake.

Walls disagrees.

“It’s really not that dangerous. You’re not going into a beaver hole. You can tell the difference,” he said. “And most of the snakes are just water snakes. You can see them and they want to just leave you alone.”

Aside from whatever else might be in the water, the fish themselves do have some defense mechanisms in the form of teeth. Catfish have what is called villiform teeth, which are very closely crowded together and resemble the bristles of a brush of the hook side of Velcro.

“Their teeth are more like sandpaper than needles, but when they get to thrashing around, especially if your hands are wet, they can do some damage,” Shoup said.

Gage Williams' hand
Grant Williams' oldest son, Gage, shows off the damage inflicted by a catfish while noodling recently.

Catfish also have pointy, boney spines that serve as support elements on their fins. Those spines can lock in place, which is a useful defense mechanism for smaller catfish, as it is difficult to swallow something with three spikes sticking out.

Many people think catfish spines are poisonous and will do internal damage to whatever part of the body they stick. However, science tells us something else.

“There is a lot of myth associated with that. A lot of people think they’ve got poison and they’ll inject you with it, but no,” Shoup said. “If you stab yourself with a needle and rub it up against a bluegill, it is going to get infected. There’s no venom gland, there’s no poison there. It’s just a puncture wound without a particularly clean source.”

The good news for hand fishers is the bigger the fish, the more blunt its spikes get and less likely they are to be stabbed.

Some concern has come to the surface from surrounding states about the effect noodling has on catfish populations, causing them to outlaw the practice. Oklahoma, however is sticking to its culture of continuing the sport.

“There have been a few studies out there on the population level effects of noodling,” Long said. “There’s a general fear that noodling wipes out the biggest fish and can ruin the spawn, but studies have found that noodling is such a small portion of fishing, that it probably has a minor effect on the population.”

Shoup likened noodling a catfish out of its nest to angling a largemouth bass off its nest. He said in a matter of seconds, little bluegill and other fish are chowing down on the bass eggs, oftentimes discouraging a male bass enough to leave the nest for good. There is no shortage of bass in Oklahoma.

“It’s always been legal in Oklahoma and I don’t see that ever changing,” Shoup said. “I do think it’s important we support the culture of Oklahoma.”

It’s an activity that has been passed down through generations of Oklahomans. Walls is no different, learning from his father, and neither are Ring and Williams, whose teenage sons are currently addicted to noodling.

Catfish Gage Williams
Following in his father's footsteps, Gage Williams spends his free time noodling.

After a few more years it will be the kids gathered together, chopping it up and sharing stories of hand fishing. Catfish aren’t going anywhere and neither are those brave enough to catch them bare handed.


Story by Sean Hubbard

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